The evolution of video conferencing

Rising gas prices, airline cutbacks, canceled and delayed flights, skyrocketing travel costs — these are just a few of the challenges facing businesses today. As a result, more companies are looking for ways to eliminate or at least greatly reduce travel expenses, and they’re re-examining how they’ll conduct meetings in the future.

Trying to eliminate meeting expenses is not a new concept for business. After September 11th, the airlines temporarily shut down. When the airports reopened, many people were afraid to fly. In response, companies rushed to try virtual meetings — namely video conferencing and Web conferencing — in an attempt to save time and money. But the tools available had limitations. On a personal PC, video conferencing was slow, due to low bandwidth speeds that made the video fuzzy. High-quality systems were confined to a few video conferencing rooms, which were always booked. Web conferencing, using a combination of audio, text messaging, and PowerPoint, was useful but limited.

People also tended to overreact and do all meetings virtually. Since no one had “meeting guidelines” in place, companies learned some hard lessons: that there are times when you actually need to see someone face-to-face; there are times when an audio conference will do; and there are times when an e-mail is perfectly fine.

With greatly diminished meeting outcomes due to the lack of guidelines, video conferencing and Web conferencing went back to playing a minor role as companies reverted to traveling for their meeting needs.

Fortunately, people didn’t completely abandon video and Web conferencing. Companies use video and Web conferencing today more than ever before because they discovered the technology. Now it’s time for businesses to step it up a notch and use the new meeting technology not only to save costs, but also to build relationships.

Future of relationships

Many companies today are going into crisis mode again. Because air travel and gas costs are high, they’re using video and Web conferencing, as well as the new high-end video conferencing called telepresence, offered by Cisco and HP, to save travel money.

However, if their only motivation is to save money on travel, rather than the more important goal of enhancing communication and collaboration throughout the enterprise, then they’re simply creating another fad.

Video conferencing has evolved tremendously over the past few years, and companies need to use the technology of today to pave the path to future profits, all of which hinge on relationships.

To add fuel to the fire, rising gas prices and travel costs are not cyclical this time — they’re permanent. Major social changes are taking place worldwide in such places as China and India, and the increased global energy consumption affects everyone. In other words, fuel costs will fluctuate but will not go back to the low levels we once enjoyed. Therefore, smart companies are changing how they think about meetings and the new video conferencing technology, and they’re realizing that it offers business something more powerful than they’ve had in the past.

These companies are thinking in terms of “visual communications” rather than simply video and Web conferencing.

Visual communications heighten the bond you have with someone when you cannot see them face to face. It’s about adding dimension to the communication. There’s a reason you shake someone’s hand when you meet them: The more senses you involve, the higher the connection. Those companies that can enhance their communication, both internally and externally, are the ones who can cause change faster and stay competitive longer.

Making it work

Before you mandate that video conferencing be the only way of conducing meetings, consider the following principles of visual communications.

First, realize that the need to meet, establish relationships, and share information, knowledge and wisdom is not going away. That’s why face-to-face meetings are still the dominant form of meeting and extremely relevant, because there is no better way to build trust. Those who believe video conferencing will end face-to-face meetings are using “either/or” thinking, which often occurs when dazzling new technologies first appear. They view the new thing as destined to totally supplant the old thing, except that rarely happens.

Video conferencing is a superb tool for saving travel time and expense, focusing on a structured agenda, obtaining senior-level points of view in real-time, building consensus, and making announcements. It’s not so good at smoothing out contentious give-and-take or handling emotional or sensitive issues. Fortunately, both virtual meetings and face-to-face meetings are readily available. It’s not either/or anymore. “Both/and” thinking is the new paradigm.

In the past, video conferencing required a big fancy room with expensive equipment. That’s not the only option for video anymore. Many new computers come with a built-in video camera. That means you can do video conferencing on a personal laptop from your desk, your home or anywhere in the world. The software is free and comes with your system. And with some computers, you can have multiple people on at the same time and video conference with them all at once.

Despite the current conditions of gas prices, transportation costs and airline cuts, the need to meet, share knowledge and develop relationships will continue. Therefore, successful meetings will depend on your ability to master the concept of visual communications and develop guidelines that leverage both old and new tools to build trusting relationships that foster greater communication, collaboration, and community.

Daniel Burrus, founder of Burrus Research and author of six books, including “Technotrends,” monitors global advancements in technology-driven trends. For more information, visit