We can’t afford alternative Medicaid plan
The state needs a sensible, quality, affordable system for uninsured low-income residents
Earlier in September, the state Commission to Study the Expansion of Medicaid heard a presentation about another alternative to Medicaid expansion, presented by Avik Roy. It’s an alternative that New Hampshire’s uninsured, low-income families cannot afford, and neither can the state.
It is expected that the commission — composed of bipartisan legislators and public policy experts — will measure each option against critical principles, such as affordability, quality of services, scope of coverage, ways to maximize federal funds, leverage existing infrastructure and systems and cost-sharing options.
Roy’s alternative plan falls short on several key principles: It is unaffordable for low-income families; it would only cover 11,150 out of 46,200 uninsured residents at 100 percent federal poverty level; it recommends a “concierge” type of primary care that is not empirically tested; it recommends only catastrophic insurance coverage; it forgoes a significant federal investment; and it does not build on the investments our state and the federal government have already made to help lower-income families gain access to health care.
Under this newly proposed plan, designed to serve individuals with annual incomes of less than $12,000, the catastrophic insurance plan would have an annual deductible of over $6,000. If we allow 30 percent of this income for housing ($4,000) that would leave $2,000 to pay for food, utilities, gas to get to work, and clothing. It is unrealistic to believe that a person could live on $2,000 a year.
Beyond catastrophic insurance, this plan requires an individual to pay $100 per month to access primary care. Any alternative plan must be broader in scope, and like Medicaid coverage, allow for primary and preventive care, specialist care, hospital emergency and inpatient care, hospice services, home health, nursing facilities and prescription drugs to name a few.
For our current Medicaid population, the Legislature made the decision to invest in Medicaid care management, selecting three health plans with a proven record nationwide. Medicaid Care Management incorporates the patient-centered medical home model of care, an accredited and evidence-based model which uses a team-approach of providing care for each patient that results in high-quality, comprehensive primary and preventive care. Nearly all primary care providers in the state with expertise in caring for low- and moderate-income families use this well-tested model. However, this alternative plan proposes the use of primary care practices that typically see only a quarter of the patients other practices do, thus limiting access to providers for this population overall. New Hampshire should continue its wise investment in Medicaid Care Management and the patient-centered medical home model.
Finally, this alternative leaves $2.5 billion in federal funding on the table and will cost New Hampshire $320 million in state funds over seven years.
If the state chooses to expand Medicaid, nearly 60,000 (at 138 percent of federal poverty level) uninsured residents will receive crucial health care coverage through the Medicaid Care Management program. Many health care providers and organizations have publicly supported Medicaid expansion and have stated that New Hampshire providers have the capacity to treat current and newly eligible Medicaid patients.
The Bi-State Primary Care Association supports the continued expansion of Medicaid Care Management for low-income people without health insurance in New Hampshire. We look forward to the commission’s report to evaluate which public policy options make sense as we work toward a path to provide access to affordable, quality health care for uninsured, low-income residents.
Tess Stack Kuenning is president and CEO of the Bow-based Bi-State Primary Care Association.