The road ahead for manufacturing amid the coronavirus
There are 3 essential areas they should address while navigating the pandemic
Manufacturers of every size and across every industry are weathering unforeseen economic forces rising from the coronavirus pandemic. Demand for products has been upended, relationships with suppliers and customers are being tested and liquidity issues have multiplied. Some manufacturers have had to rapidly increase the production of goods, such as grocery items, household products and essential medical and protective equipment. Other industries, like aerospace, automotive and energy, have seen a sharp decline in demand.
In addition to the economic toll, manufacturers must consider the health and safety of their people. They need to find a balance between keeping factories running and not subjecting employees to unnecessary health risks. The pandemic has highlighted the need for manufacturers to prioritize public health, including employee health, in addition to taking forward-looking measures such as retooling technology systems to handle supply chain issues, inventory management and shifts in production processes.
There are three essential areas manufacturers should address while navigating the current crisis.
Employee health and well-being
To protect employees from health risks, manufacturers should consider leaving extended periods between shifts and conducting remote handoffs, which helps reduce unnecessary face-to-face interactions. Some are monitoring employees’ health by checking temperatures, setting up temporary health centers and even hiring onsite medical professionals to test employees.
Because these decisions are both critical and unprecedented, sharing experiences is key. Industry leaders should engage in continuing, open dialogue to address shared issues, like frequency of employee health screenings, steps to take if an outbreak occurs and best practices for addressing other employee-centric issues. These considerations are vital, and working with industry colleagues can help companies identify and implement the best solutions.
Manufacturers should also consider the economic health of employees. While short-term challenges can be acute, manufacturers should think about how they want to be positioned as a business in the long-term and consider the importance of their employees. Given how challenging it can be to acquire good talent, many are looking at how to maintain their workforce, by temporarily freezing or cutting pay rather than laying off employees. This can help to build loyalty and retain talent, putting companies in a stronger position when conditions improve.
Short- and long-term business transformations
In response to declining demand for certain products, some manufacturers have quickly pivoted to meet new demands. This is a smart short-term strategy for those who can retool existing facilities, and it allows manufacturers to reallocate resources toward most pressing needs. It also enables them to consider longer-term objectives in an environment where future demand is uncertain.
Need can also be found beyond the pandemic, as indicated by news coming from the University of New Hampshire, which recently announced it is joining other major leading universities in the Cybersecurity Manufacturing Innovation Institute. The institute, a five-year cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy, is pulling together the most advanced institutions researching smart and advanced manufacturing, secure automation and supply chains, workforce development and cybersecurity. This work is expected to help guide business strategy and gain a window into future demand, as it is essential that manufacturers carefully track orders, inventory and other internal data, a central focus for the institute.
For some companies, adjusting business strategy in the interim will require upgrading or acquiring analytics systems that can deliver more robust predictive models. Manufacturers should also closely watch indicators, including national retail sales numbers, housing stocks, building permit numbers and consumer confidence levels.
With fluctuations in demand, inventory challenges and sharply reduced production, many businesses are facing liquidity issues and other financial concerns. As they navigate the path forward, manufacturers can consider implementing more systematic credit checks to ensure customers can pay for orders or requesting advance payment terms.
Banking partners can offer insights into best practices for credit management, working capital and cash management. Some of these practices include running sensitivity models and stress tests to project how long cash will last. While companies may not need relief immediately, setting thresholds can be helpful for knowing when it’s time to seek assistance.
While manufacturers currently face a host of challenges, there are opportunities to make changes now that can benefit companies in the long-term. Policies that retain top talent and build loyalty; technology and process changes that make companies nimbler and more adaptive; and financial practices that lend greater insight into risk can help manufacturers develop a stronger business foundation for the long term.
Ken Sheldon is a senior vice president of global commercial banking and New Hampshire market president for Bank of America.